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Τύπος: Άρθρο σε επιστημονικό περιοδικό
Τίτλος: Assessment of CO2 and NOx emissions of one diesel and one bi-fuel gasoline/CNG Euro 6 vehicles during real-world driving and laboratory testing
Συγγραφέας: [EL] Δημάρατος, Αθανάσιος[EN] Dimaratos, Athanasios
[EL] Τουμασάτος, Ζήσιμος[EN] Toumasatos, Zisimos
[EL] Δουλγέρης, Στυλιανός[EN] Doulgeris, Stylianos
[EL] Τριανταφυλλόπουλος, Γεώργιος[EN] Triantafyllopoulos, Georgios
[EL] Κόντσες, Αναστάσιος[EN] Kontses, Anastasios
[EL] Σαμαράς, Ζήσης[EN] Samaras, Zissis
Ημερομηνία: 3-Δεκ-2019
Περίληψη: The objective of this study is the assessment of the real-world environmental performance, and its comparison with laboratory measurements, of two Euro 6 passenger cars. The first is equipped with a common-rail diesel engine, Lean NOx Trap (LNT), and Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), and the second is a bi-fuel gasoline/CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) vehicle equipped with a Three-Way Catalyst (TWC). The experimental campaign consisted of on-road and chassis dynamometer measurements. In the former test set, two driving routes were followed, one complying with Real Driving Emissions (RDE) regulation and another characterized by more dynamic driving. The aim of the latter route was to go beyond the regulatory limits and cover a wider range of real-world conditions and engine operating areas. In the laboratory, the WLTC (Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Cycle) was used, applying the real-world road load of the vehicles. Both cars underwent the same tests, and these were repeated for the primary (CNG) and the secondary (gasoline) fuel of the bi-fuel vehicle. In all of the tests, CO2 and NOx emissions were measured with a Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS). The results were analyzed on two levels, the aggregated and the instantaneous, in order to highlight the different emissions attributes under varying driving conditions. The application of realistic road load in the WLTC limited its difference from the RDE-compliant route in terms of CO2 emissions. However, the aggressive driver behavior and the uphill roads of the Dynamic driving schedule resulted in approximately double the CO2 emissions for both cars. The potential of natural gas to reduce CO2 emissions was also highlighted. Concerning the NOx emissions of the diesel car, the real-world results were significantly higher than the respective WLTC levels. On the other hand, the bi-fuel car exhibited very low NOx emissions with both fuels. Natural gas resulted in increased NOx emissions compared to gasoline, always remaining below the Euro 6 limit, with the only exception being the Dynamic driving schedule. Finally, it was found that the overall cycle dynamics are not sufficient for the complete assessment of transient emissions, and the instantaneous engine, and aftertreatment behavior can reveal additional details.
Γλώσσα: Αγγλικά
DOI: 10.3389/fmech.2019.00062
EISSN: 2297-3079
Θεματική κατηγορία: [EL] Άλλες Επιστήμες Μηχανικού και Τεχνολογίες[EN] Other Engineering and Technologies
Λέξεις-κλειδιά: RDEPEMSWLTCemissionsCNG (Compressed Natural Gas)Euro 6 emission regulations
Κάτοχος πνευματικών δικαιωμάτων: © 2019 by the author(s)
Όροι και προϋποθέσεις δικαιωμάτων: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Διατίθεται ανοιχτά στην τοποθεσία: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmech.2019.00062/full
Ηλεκτρονική διεύθυνση του τεκμηρίου στον εκδότη: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmech.2019.00062/full
Ηλεκτρονική διεύθυνση περιοδικού: https://www.frontiersin.org/journals/mechanical-engineering
Τίτλος πηγής δημοσίευσης: Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Τεύχος: 5
Σελίδες τεκμηρίου (στην πηγή): Article no 62
Σημειώσεις: This research is co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Social Fund-ESF) through the Operational Programme ≪Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning≫ in the context of the project “Reinforcement of Postdoctoral Researchers” (MIS-5001552) implemented by the State Scholarships Foundation (IKY).
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